Essay On Low Literacy Rate In Pakistan
Pakistan’s Senate on Wednesday was informed that national literacy rate is 54 percent out of which 66. 25 percent male and 41. 75 percent female are literate. This was stated by Minister for Education, Mrs. Zubaida Jalal in her written reply to a query raised by Senator Sardar Latif Khosa in the Senate here. Giving the province-wise and gender-wise detail, the Minister informed that an estimated 60. 8% population is literate in Punjab province. The literacy rate for male and female are 70% and 51% respectively, she added.
In NWFP, 47. 4% population of the province is literate, out of which 63% are male and 30. 8% female. The Minister said that the literacy rate of Sindh province is about 5. 15% out of which 60. 5% are male and 42. 5% female. The 34% population of Balochistan are literate and the literacy rate of male and female is about 45% and 23% respectively, she added. About Pakistan’s literacy position in the world, the Minister pointed out that there is no universal definition of literacy.
The definition varies from country to country, therefore, it is difficult to rank Pakistan on the scale of literacy position in the world. She, however, said literacy rate in the world is calculated for 15+ population whereas in Pakistan, it is estimated for population 10+.? LAHORE – Like other countries of the world, International Literacy Day will also be observed in Pakistan on Tuesday (today) with a pledge to make over 780million adults of the world literate. The day, first time observed on September 8, 1965, is being celebrated in the midst of UN Literacy Decade.
Literacy is just the ability to read, write, listen, comprehend and speak a language, yet millions in the world including 55 per cent of Pakistanis are deprived of this fundamental right. The pathetic aspect of the matter is about two-thirds of the illiterate are women in the world and remaining four billion people of the world have a challenge to bring them into its folds. “Pakistan has one of the lowest literacy rates in the world and according to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), it is 55 per cent and Pakistan stands at 160th in total countries of the world.
This indeed is a very alarming situation and a challenge which must be met with resolve, determination, and action by all those who can help,” said Amanat Foundation Chairman Nisar A Memon in a massage. He says illiteracy is a matter too serious to be left to the government alone, and each and every citizen must rise to the occasion to contribute his or her part to bring right of literacy to about 50million Pakistanis. The ‘Power of Literacy’ is the theme of 2009 Literacy Poster as literacy empowers the people to be enlightened and self respecting citizen.
Our hard earned freedom shall be severely impacted and socio-economic emancipation will remain a dream without literacy, which is recognised as a lever of change and remedy for social transformation. Our country is classified into the 3rd World countries mainly due to the connection of poverty with education or Literacy Rate. Poverty is the biggest disadvantage and the largest obstacle in the development of our country. Our country is an agricultural country and the profession of many people living in Pakistan is with this vast category.
The people in this category and the farmers are unable to feed their families fully and as a result, development stops and population increases. This great increase in the population of the Pakistan is a hindrance in the correct and efficient caring of the family. That is why many of the people are unable to provide such and such level of education to their children and so the literacy rate of the country on the whole decreases. The second main problem is related to the people living in villages and other small places. It is said that the population of the villages is many times more than of the urban people.
This is why the people cannot teach and train their children and a vast number of illiterate children remain in the country. One of the main cause of low literacy rate in Pakistan is the male dominated society that creates many obstacles in the way of acquiring education by female citizens of the country. Especially people living in interior areas do not allow their daughters to schools, also wadera system reign in small areas of the country where these prestigious people feel insult to send their females out of the house and keep them bound in the four walls of the house.
This kind of attitude decreases the literacy rate of our country. Such people are not aware of the teachings of Islam and many Ahadees in which our beloved Muhammad (PBUH) has said: “To achieve education is mandatory for both male and female and seek it no matter if you have to go to China. ” We must try to create awareness among the citizens of Pakistan so that we may get a remarkable position throughout the world by the power of knowledge.
Reason for low literacy rate in pakistan are wide and numreous in which more imporant poverty , illiteracy specially among the male, over population, low femaale literacy(reason are coeducation, distance of school,patriarhal system in our society), lack of awareness of importance of education, urbanisation, low government spending or low expenditure of government as compare ot defence expenditure which is 25:1,larege family size . low literacy among low section of Society like rural people ,people of katchi abadis, all these and many more reaons which are simultaneously effect on our literacy rate.
As we know that literacy rate of Pakistan in 2010 is 56% which is very low literacy rate. There are many reasons for the low literacy rate in Pakistan. One of the main reason is the Non-seriousness of the government towards education. Providing free books or providing free education to the low income people is not enough. They should take major steps which will really work in increasing the literacy rate of Pakistan. To expect something without doing anything will not work. They should open government educational institutions as many as they can and provide best and qualified teachers or professors.
I came home early from college one day and found a very young maid working in my house. She was busy with house chores, but I was surprised by the fact that it was school time and she wasn't going. When she saw my books in my hand she started talking and asking things about me and my studies. I noticed her interest and asked her about her life. Upon inquiry she told her name was Hajra, but what she told me next really saddened me the most.
According to her, she wanted to go to school and get decent education. Her dream was to become a productive member of the society, and in doing so support her family too. But due to lack of education on her parents parts the odds were against her. Usually in circumstances like this girls are held back from going to school and instead are needed for domestic duties or to help their families by generating additional financial resources and in most cases being hired out as domestic help. In a country like Pakistan, girls are considered as liability that someday will get married and are not seen as contributor to the social uplift of the family. In Pakistan beside poverty being a major deterrent to girls’ education, strong cultural prejudices exist against it especially in province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Emergence of Taliban phenomena has also contributed to low literacy rate in KPK where especially girls are forcibly stopped from going to school and their schools blown up.
In Pakistan girls are not given an equal chance to get education. It’s high time we here in Pakistan realize the importance of girls’ education and the change it can bring in the community and in society as a whole. When girls are not educated everyone suffers. It also leads to a vicious circle of poverty where families remain entrapped because girls growing into women are illiterate with little to no skills. Educating a woman can be likened to educating the whole family because of the role they play in families. Education increases the probability of a girl playing an active role in political and economic activities. Besides having a positive impact on her community and society as a whole it also has impact on her life too. An educated woman, for example, is likely to marry at a later age and have fewer children, as shown in one recent in India where women who received primary education resulted in decrease in both maternal mortality rate and infant mortality rate as women made more informed choices.
So what can be done to improve female literacy rate in Pakistan. The situation needs to deal both at local and at government level. At local level both parental and community involvement should be encouraged in developing curriculum and children education. Any set up done in this regard should be low cost ,close to home with flexible timetable and should have women teachers , as most parents prefer their to have their daughters taught by women. Government of Pakistan is a major fund contributor towards education but its budget allocation and expenditure as percentage of GDP is lowest in the region. Government of Pakistan needs to improve this situation by increasing the funding for girls education and giving financial incentives to people for sending girls to, especially in rural areas.
Initiatives that have worked globally for improved enrollment, keeping girls in school and had encouraged continued education are Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs), school feeding and Take Home Rations (THRs). CCTs give money to poor people in return for fulfilling specific conditions, such as accessing basic health services, vaccinating children, or sending daughters to school. CCTs provide a good initiative for girls’ enrollment discourages early dropout and provides family with additional income source. In one study in Malawi, for every extra dollar a girl received above $1, enrollment increased by a percentage point and reduced drop-out rates by approximately 40 percent. School feeding is another powerful tool that helps families fight poverty, provide food security and facilitates education especially girls. Schooling feeding improves nutritional status of a child especially a girl who is likely to suffer neglect at home because male siblings are preferred and considered future bread earners for the family. School meals also offset some of the cost of education so that a poor family has one less meal per day to provide. In rural India school feeding resulted in increase of female enrollment by 22 percent , dropout rates among girls decreased by 5 percent , and 35 percent increase in the chance that the girl will finish primary education .THRs are also given with same preconditions as CCTs and school feeding . These rations offset the families’ loss of girl labor and are effective economic incentives for families to send their girls to school.
In Pakistan we need to act now, the present situation demands urgent action. Specific policies and budget targeted towards girl’s education is required. Government, civil society and institutions both local and international needs to work together to end this cycle of poverty and illiteracy. As one African proverb says “If we educate a boy, we educate one person. If we educate a girl, we educate a family – and a whole nation.”
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