Restructuring Assignment Mdny
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Here in our second of a series of six insightful and interesting articles, Roger Perry the CEO of the Bevington Group discusses the fundamental principles behind restructuring your business in a changing and improving trading environment.
Even as the economic outlook appears to brighten, the fact remains that many organisations can no longer operate as they have been. A key feature of this changing landscape is the need for organisations to restructure.
As process and structure specialists, Bevington Group has observed the good, the bad and the ugly of restructures. Based on our experiences, we have devised seven broad restructuring principles to help make any restructure a successful one. These principles are:
1. Align structure to strategy
All restructures must align to strategy. This may seem selfevident, yet a significant number of organisations fail to do so. For example, if local conditions are a predominant factor then stress local sales and marketing functions rather than a centralised behemoth, which then tries to matrix with local elements.
2. Reduce complexity
Simply put, complexity costs. Whether it is a complex organisational structure, a complex product offering, or complex transactional processes, the added cost of complexity can be a drag on performance.
To mitigate complexity, there are three considerations that help with organisational design:
- Design structure for strategy before you design for specific personnel. Organisational redesigns that are a compromise between strategic intent and line management preferences inevitably add complexity. So, while politics are unavoidable, at least start with a clean and clear design that matches to strategy.
- Avoid making leadership roles too complex (see principle #5)
- Minimise the use of matrices. They introduce measurement overhead and a lack of clear direction to staff.
3. Focus on core activity
Remove noise (inefficiency in processes) and enhance core before restructuring roles. This means that you will need to know what people are doing today by obtaining a detailed understanding of tasks by role.
This ensures that no valueadded activities are thrown out when removing a role. Similarly, duplication and redundant activity can be removed at the time of the restructure.
4. Create feasible roles
Don’t overload roles – restructures generally leave an organisation with fewer people to do the same amount of work. When restructuring to reduce headcount, make sure you understand the current workload of employees.
This will help to ensure you design roles that are neither too heavily laden nor, indeed, too light. Furthermore, role design must take into account realistic groupings of skills. Packing a role with too many distinct skill sets reduces the pool of durable candidates.
5. Balance ‘own work’ and supervisory load of managers
The case of leadership or ‘management loading’ can be particularly troublesome in restructures. Often, the inability of managers to focus on leadership tasks due to increased output requirements can create significant problems for an organisation.
For example, time spent mentoring and coaching staff drops off: staff become disengaged, more issues arise due to staff errors and managers end up spending more time resolving them. To ensure management are appropriately loaded, it’s critical to balance three elements:
- The number of staff directly managed or supervised
- Staff ability to perform work without supervision
- The amount of ‘own work’ managers have to do on top of their leadership activity.
6. Implement with clarity
Often there is confusion in the first weeks and months after an initial restructure. After all, who is supposed to be responsible for what? The answer is to clarify roles and responsibilities from the beginning, identify all functions (activities, tasks, and decisions) that have to be accomplished for effective operation, clarify who should be involved and be specific about accountability.
7. Maintain flexibility
Finally, it is important not to cut your resources too fine. If the organisational change is material, you will need resource flexibility in the first few months, so even as you strive to operate more efficiently, be sure to give yourself some wriggle room in your staffing.
Flexibility applies not only to staff members, but to staff capability. Leave yourself and your leadership team some room to respond to capability gaps in the new structure.
Common ways to do this include a staged transition so there are fewer capability gaps to manage at a point in time, and a temporary use of contract resources until in-house staff become familiar with their roles.
Download a PDF of this article – The 7 Principles For A Successful Restructure.
1. Patiala – Patiala is a city in southeastern Punjab, in northern India. It is the fourth largest city in the state and is the capital of Patiala district. Patiala is located around the Qila Mubarak and it was constructed by chieftain Baba Ala Singh, who founded the royal dynasty of the Patiala State in 1763. In popular culture, the city famous for its traditional PatialaShahi turban, paranda, patiala salwar, jutti. Patiala is located at 30. 32°N76. 40°E /30.32,76.40 and it has an average elevation of 250 metres. During the short existence of PEPSU, Patiala served as its capital city. Patiala state was established in 1763 by Baba Ala Singh, a Jat Sikh chieftain, after the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 in which the Marathas were defeated by the Afghans, the writ of the Afghans prevailed throughout Punjab. It is at this stage that the rulers of Patiala began to acquire ensigns of royalty, the Patiala state saw more than forty years of ceaseless power struggle with the Afghan Durrani Empire, Maratha Empire and the Sikh Empire of Lahore. Patiala became a 17-guns salute state during the British Raj, the rulers of Patiala such as Karam Singh, Narinder Singh, Mahendra Singh, Rajinder Singh, Bhupinder Singh and Yadvindra Singh were treated with respect and dignity by the British. The royal house is now headed by His Highness Maharajadhiraj Captain Amarinder Singh, the royals are considered cultural and political icons in Patiala. It is situated close to Bus Stand, Patiala. The Guru visited Lehal on Magh sudi 5,1728 Bikram/24 January 1672, the sickness in the village subsided. The site where Guru Tegh Bahadur had sat came to be known as Dukh Nivaran, devotees have faith in the healing qualities of water in the sarovar attached to the shrine. It is still believed that any kind of illness can be cured by ishnaan on 5 consecutive panchmi Gurudwara Moti Baag Sahib is situated in the Patiala City. When Shri Guru Teg Bahadur Sahib Ji started his journey towards Delhi, he came here via Kiratpur Sahib, Bharatgarh Sahib, Roap Makar, saint Saif Ali Khan was great follower of Guru Sahib, To fulfill his wish Guru Sahib came to his Place Saifabad. Guru Sahib stayed here for 3 Months, Saif Ali Khan Served Guru Sahib with great Devotion. In daytime Guru Sahib used to meditate on the Place inside the Qila, from here Guru Sahib left towards Samana, Guru Sahib took rest for some time this place. From here Guru Sahib left towards Samana and stayed in the Haveli of Muhamad Bakhsish, from there onwards Guru Sahib left towards Cheeka Via Karhali, Balbera
2. Punjab, India – Punjab is a state in North India, forming part of the larger Punjab region. The state capital is located in Chandigarh, a Union Territory, after the partition of India in 1947, the Punjab province of British India was divided between India and Pakistan. The Indian Punjab was divided on the basis of language in 1966 and it was divided into 3 parts. Haryanvi speaking areas were carved out as Haryana, Hilly regions, Punjab is the only Sikh majority state in India with Sikhs being 57. 69% of the population. Agriculture is the largest industry in Punjab, Punjab has the largest number of steel rolling mill plants in India, which are located in Steel Town—Mandi Gobindgarh in the Fatehgarh Sahib district. The word Punjab is a compound of the Persian words panj, thus Panjāb roughly means the land of five rivers. The five rivers are the Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, traditionally, in English, there used to be a definite article before the name, i. e. The name is sometimes spelled as Panjab. During the period when the epic Mahabharata was written, around 800–400 BCE, Punjab was known as Trigarta, the Indus Valley Civilization spanned much of the Punjab region with cities such as Rupar. The Vedic Civilization spread along the length of the Sarasvati River to cover most of northern India including Punjab and this civilisation shaped subsequent cultures in the Indian subcontinent. The Punjab region was conquered by many ancient empires including the Gandhara, Nandas, Mauryas, Shungas, Kushans, Guptas, Palas, Gurjara-Pratiharas, the furthest eastern extent of Alexander the Greats exploration was along the Indus River. Agriculture flourished and trading cities such as Jalandhar, Sangrur and Ludhiana grew in wealth, due to its location, the Punjab region came under constant attack and influence from both west and east. Punjab faced invasions by the Achaemenids, Greeks, Scythians, Turks and this resulted in the Punjab witnessing centuries of bitter bloodshed. Its culture combines Hindu, Buddhist, Islamic, Sikh and British influences, the regions of Azad Kashmir and Jammu have also been historically associated with the Punjab. The Punjab is the Sapta Sindhu region mentioned in the Rig Veda, among the classic books that were wholly or partly composed in this region are the following. The Brahmins of this region are called Saraswata after the legendary Saraswati river region, Hinduism has been prevalent in Punjab since historical times before the arrival of Islam and birth of Sikhism in Punjab. Some of the influential Sikh figures such as Guru Nanak, Banda Singh Bahadur, Bhai Mati Das, many of Punjabs Hindus converted to Sikhism. Punjabi Hindus can trace their roots from the time of the Vedas, many modern day cities in Indian Punjab and Pakistani Punjab are still named from that period like Lahore, Jalandhar, Chandigarh and so on
3. India – India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast, in the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, in 2015, the Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River. The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations. Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B. C. E and it is also traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. Gaṇarājya is the Sanskrit/Hindi term for republic dating back to the ancient times, hindustan is a Persian name for India dating back to the 3rd century B. C. E. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety
4. Medical Council of India – The Medical Council of India is a statutory body for establishing uniform and high standards of medical education in India. The Council grants recognition of qualifications, gives accreditation to medical schools, grants registration to medical practitioners. The current President of MCI is Dr. Jayshreeben Mehta, the NITI Aayog has recommended the replacement of Medical Council of India with National Medical Commission. The decision has been approved by most states and after its approval by the Prime Minister it will be proposed as final bill in the parliamentary sessions. The Medical Council of India was first established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act,1933, the Council was later reconstituted under the Indian Medical Council Act,1956 that replaced the earlier Act. Following this, the Council was superseded by the President of India, the present Board of Governors was notified on 13 May 2011. Regulation of postgraduate education in medical colleges accredited by it. Recognition of medical qualifications granted by institutions in India. Recognition of foreign qualifications in India. Registration of doctors with recognized medical qualifications, keeping a directory of all registered doctors. Registration of doctors and their qualifications is usually done by state medical councils, the MCI was dissolved by the President of India on 15 May 2010 following the arrest of MCIs president Ketan Desai by the CBI on 22 April 2010. Desai, alleged middle-man J. P. Singh and doctors Sukhwinder Singh, the CBI recovered 1.5 kg of gold and 80 kg of silver from Desais premises. Further, gold worth ₨35 lakhs were recovered from Desais bank lockers in Ahmedabad. Ketan Desai, the head of urology at B J Medical College and he was immediately removed from the Medical council and his registration cancelled. The council was revamped in 2013 and the current President of MCI and she became the first woman president of MCI in 80 years since the council came into being. MCI Online is the portal of the Medical Council of India for online processing of applications for registration, MCI Online also provides online search of the Indian Medical Register. Dr. B. C. Roy Awards, Dr. B. C. Roy National Award Fund was instituted in 1962 to perpetuate his memory
5. Patiala and East Punjab States Union – The Patiala and East Punjab States Union was a state of India uniting eight princely states between 1948 and 1956. The capital and principal city was Patiala, the state covered an area of 26,208 km². Shimla, Kasauli, Kandaghat, Dharampur and Chail also became part of the PEPSU, the state was inaugurated on July 15,1948 and formally became a state of India in 1950. On 1 November 1956, PEPSU was merged mostly into Punjab State following the States Reorganisation Act, some other areas that belonged to PEPSU, notably Solan and Nalagarh, now lie in the state of Himachal Pradesh. When the state was formed, the then-Maharaja of Patiala, Yadavindra Singh, was appointed its Rajpramukh and he remained in office during the entire length of the states short existence. The then Maharaja of Kapurthala, Jagatjit Singh, served as Uparajpramukh, Gian Singh Rarewala was sworn in on 13 January 1949 as the first Chief Minister of PEPSU. Col. Raghbir Singh became the next Chief Minister on 23 May 1951, the state elected a 60-member state legislative assembly on January 6,1952. The Congress Party won 26 seats and the Akali Dal won 19 seats, on 22 April 1952, Gian Singh Rarewala again became Chief Minister, this time an elected one. He led a government, called the United Front, formed by the Akali Dal. On 5 March 1953 his government was dismissed and Presidents rule was imposed on the state, in the mid-term poll that followed, the Congress party secured a majority and Raghbir Singh became Chief Minister on 8 March 1954. Upon his death, Brish Bhan became the Chief Minister on 12 January 1955, barnala district became part of Sangrur district and Kohistan and Fatehgarh districts became part of Patiala district. There were four Lok Sabha constituencies in this state, three of them were single-seat constituency, Mohindergarh, Sangrur and Patiala. The Kapurthala-Bhatinda Lok Sabha constituency was a double-seat constituency, the state had a population of 3,493,685, of which 19% was urban. History of PEPSU, India, Patiala and East Punjab States Union, 1948-1956, Delhi, Konark Publishers, ISBN 81-220-0244-7
6. Rajinder Singh – Maharaja Sir Rajinder Singh, GCSI was a Maharaja of the princely state of Patiala from 1876 to 1900. In 1897, he was awarded the Grand Cross of the Star of India for his bravery and he was the first Indian to own a car, in 1892, a French De Dion-Bouton as well as being the first man in India to own an aircraft. Singh died following a riding accident and he was known for playing polo, cricket, field hockey and English billiards. The maharaja had a total of 365 wives, and defied his subjects and he was a close friend of William Beresford and of Frederick Roberts. The Irish composer Thomas OBrien Butler, who spent some time in India and he was the son of Maharaja Mahendra Singh of Patiala, a member of the Phulkian Dynasty. One of his sons was Maharaja Sir Bhupinder Singh, one of his sons was Rao Raja Birinder Singh of Patiala
7. The Imperial Gazetteer of India – The Imperial Gazetteer of India was a gazetteer of the British Indian Empire, and is now a historical reference work. It was first published in 1881, sir William Wilson Hunter made the original plans of the book, starting in 1869. The New Editions were all published by the Oxford University Press, Oxford, the first edition of The Imperial Gazetteer of India was published in nine volumes in 1881. A second edition, augmented to fourteen volumes, was issued in the years 1885–87, all of these were edited by Hunter, who formed the original plan of the work in 1869. A parallel series of known as the Imperial Gazetteer of India. V.4, C-G The Imperial Gazetteer of India, digital South Asia Library, University of Chicago
8. Padma Shri – Padma Shri is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan. Awarded by the Government of India, it is announced every year on Indias Republic Day and it has also been awarded to some distinguished individuals who were not citizens of India but did contribute in various ways to India. The selection criteria have been criticized in some quarters with the claim that many highly deserving artists have left out in order to favor certain individuals. On its obverse, the words Padma, meaning lotus in Sanskrit, and Shri, the geometrical pattern on either side is in burnished bronze. All embossing is in white gold, as of 2017,2913 people have received the award
9. Rajendra Prasad – Rajendra Prasad was the first President of the Republic of India. An Indian political leader, lawyer by training, Prasad joined the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement, a supporter of Mahatma Gandhi, Prasad was imprisoned by British authorities during the Salt Satyagraha of 1931 and the Quit India movement of 1942. Prasad served one term as President of the Indian National Congress from 1934 to 1935, after the 1946 elections, Prasad served as minister of food and agriculture in the central government. Upon independence in 1947, Prasad was elected president of the Constituent Assembly of India, when India became a Republic in 1950, Prasad was elected its first President by the Constituent Assembly. Following the general election of 1951, he was elected President by the college of the first Parliament of India. As President, Prasad established a tradition of non-partisanship and independence for the office-bearer, although a ceremonial head of state, Prasad encouraged the development of education in India and advised the Nehru government on several occasions. In 1957, Prasad was re-elected to the presidency, becoming the president to have been in the office twice. Rajendra Prasad was a Hindu and born in Zeradai, in the Siwan district of Bihar. His father Mahadev Sahai, was a scholar of both the Sanskrit and Persian languages, while his mother, Kamleshwari Devi, was a woman who would tell stories from the Ramayana to her son. When Prasad was five years old, his parents placed him under the tutelage of a Moulavi, an accomplished Muslim scholar, to learn the Persian language, Hindi and arithmetic. After the completion of elementary education, he was sent to the Chapra District School Meanwhile, in June 1896, at an early age of 12. He, along with his elder brother Mahendra Prasad, then went to study at T. K, ghoshs Academy in Patna for a period of two years. He secured first in the examination to the University of Calcutta and was awarded Rs.30 per month as a scholarship. Prasad joined the Presidency College, Calcutta in 1902, initially as a science student and he passed Intermediate level classes then called as F. A. under the University of Calcutta in March 1904 and further graduated with First Division from there itself in March 1905. Impressed by his intellect, an examiner once had commented on his answer sheet examinee is better than examiner, later he decided to focus on the study of arts and did his M. A. in Economics with first division from the University of Calcutta in December 1907. There he lived with his brother in the Eden Hindu Hostel, a devoted student as well as a public activist, he was an active member of The Dawn Society. It was due to his sense of duty towards his family, Prasad was instrumental in the formation of the Bihari Students Conference in 1906 in the hall of the Patna College. Rajendra Prasad served in various institutions as a teacher
10. Amrit Kaur – Rajkumari Amrit Kaur DStJ was the health minister in the Indian Cabinet for ten years after Indias independence from the British Raj in 1947. She was an eminent Gandhian, a fighter, and a social activist. She was also a member of the Constituent Assembly. Amrit Kaur was born on 2 February 1889 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh and she had her early education in Sherborne School For Girls in Dorset, England, and had her college education at Oxford University. After completing her education in England, she returned to India, raja Harnam Singh enjoyed the confidence of many Indian National Congress party leaders, including Gopal Krishna Gokhale. After her return to India from England, she got interested in Indias freedom struggle through the visits of those leaders to her fathers home. After meeting in person Mahatma Gandhi in 1919 in Bombay, she felt drawn to his thoughts, the notorious Jallianwala Bagh massacre of mostly Sikhs the same year by the British Raj troops convinced her of the necessity of Indias gaining its freedom from the Raj. She joined the INC, and began to participate in Indias struggle for freedom and she co-founded the All India Womens Conference in 1927, became its secretary in 1930, and president in 1933. For her participation in Gandhi-led 240-mile Dandi March in 1930, British Raj authorities imprisoned her and she went to live at Mahatma Gandhis ashram in 1934, and took up the austere life there despite her aristocratic background. She served as one of Gandhis secretaries for sixteen years, as a representative of the INC, in 1937 She went on a mission of goodwill to Bannu, in the present day Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. The British Raj authorities charged her with sedition and imprisoned her, in 1942, she participated in the Quit India Movement, and the Raj authorities imprisoned her again. She served as the Chairperson of the All India Womens Education Fund Association and she was a member of the Executive Committee of Lady Irwin College in New Delhi. The British Raj appointed her as a member of the Advisory Board of Education and she was sent as a member of the Indian delegation to UNESCO conferences in London and Paris in 1945 and 1946, respectively. She also served as a member of the Board of Trustees of the All India Spinners Association and she worked to reduce illiteracy, and eradicate the custom of child marriages and the purdah system for women, which were prevalent then among some Indian communities. After Indias independence, Amrit Kaur became part of Jawaharlal Nehrus first Cabinet and she was assigned the Ministry of Health and was one of only two Indian Christians in the Cabinet. Kaur was a moving force behind the establishment of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi. For establishing the institute, she secured aid from New Zealand, Australia, West Germany, Sweden and she and one of her brothers donated their ancestral property and house in Simla, Himachal Pradesh to serve as a holiday home for the staff and nurses of the Institute. Kaur served as the Chairperson of the Indian Red Cross society for fourteen years, during her leadership, the Indian Red Cross did a number of pioneering works in the hinterlands of India. She initiated the Tuberculosis Association of India and the Central Leprosy Teaching and she started the Amrit Kaur College of Nursing and the National Sports Club of India
11. Yadavindra Singh – Sir Yadvinder Singh Mahendra Bahadur GCIE GBE pronunciation was Maharaja of Patiala from 1938 to 1974. He was also an Indian cricketer who played in one Test in 1934, born at Patiala, Punjab in 1914, Maharaja Yadavindra attended Aitchison College, Lahore. He served in the Patiala State Police, became its Inspector General and served in Malaya, Italy and he succeeded his father, Maharaja Bhupinder Singh, as the Maharaja of Patiala on 23 March 1938. He married first Maharani Hem Prabha Devi of Saraikela and second Maharani Mohinder Kaur in 1938, following his accession to the throne of Patiala, Yadavindra pursued a political and diplomatic career, serving as chancellor of the Chamber of Princes from 1943 to 1944. In 1947, when India gained independence, he was the pro-chancellor of the Chamber of Princes and he agreed to the incorporation of the princely state into India on 5 May 1948. He was Rajpramukh of the new Indian state of Patiala and East Punjab States Union until it was merged with Punjab in 1956, Yadavindra served as president of the Indian Olympic Committee from 1938 to 1960. He was instrumental in organizing the Asian Games, lal Bagh Palace, the building in which Yadavindra Public School is housed was donated by Sir Yadavindra Singh. He was a noted horticulturist by passion and later served as chairman of Indian Horticulture Development Council and he was also the president of BCCI. He continued his career from 1956 onwards, serving as Indian delegate to the United Nations General Assembly from 1956 to 1957 and he also headed the Indian delegation to the FAO on and off during 1959-1969. On specific instructions of Indira Gandhi he was cremated with state honours. He was succeeded by his son Amarinder Singh, who is a politician with the Congress Party and his daughter, Heminder Kaur, is married to K. Natwar Singh, former external affairs minister of India
12. Sohan Hayreh – Sohan Singh Hayreh is an ophthalmologist, clinical scientist, and Professor Emeritus of Ophthalmology at the University of Iowa. He was one of the pioneers in the field of fluorescein angiography and is considered an authority in vascular diseases of the eye. He is a fellow of the National Academy of Medical Sciences. Professor Hayreh was born in the village of Littran in the Indian state of Punjab. In 1946, he started his education at King Edward Medical College at Lahore. However, due to the partition of India in 1947, Hayreh and he was able to finish his medical degree in Amritsar, which held the only other available medical college in his home state of Punjab. He served most of his three years with the army in rough field conditions near the India Pakistan border, after his commitment to the army had ended, he was anxious to pursue an academic and research career. In 1955, he accepted the available academic position available. In his research, Professor Hayreh has “challenged and changed conventional wisdom” in the field of his research in ophthalmology, during his fellowship, he was mentored by Sir Stewart Duke-Elder, the prominent British ophthalmologist. He decided to stay in England and pursued a career in research, clinical ophthalmology and his research at this time dealt mostly with the in vivo blood supply of the optic nerve head and glaucoma. In 1969, Hayreh took the position as Senior Lecturer in Ophthalmology at the University of Edinburgh, while in Edinburgh, Hayreh met his future wife, Shelagh Henderson, the Administrator of the Eye Pavilion of the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. Hayreh credits his wife as instrumental in the editing and preparation of his publications, pathogenesis of oedema of the optic disc. Blood supply of the optic nerve head and its role in optic atrophy, glaucoma, Hayreh, S S. Anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy. Hayreh, SS, Kolder, HE, Weingeist, TA, central retinal artery occlusion and retinal tolerance time. Classification of central retinal vein occlusion, beck, RW, Servais, GE, Hayreh, SS. Cup-to-disc ratio and its role in pathogenesis, Hayreh, SS, Zimmerman, MB, Podhajsky, P, Alward, WL. Nocturnal arterial hypotension and its role in optic nerve head and ocular ischemic disorders, Hayreh, SS, Podhajsky, PA, Raman, R, Zimmerman, B. Giant cell arteritis, Validity and reliability of diagnostic criteria
13. Guru Nanak Dev University – Guru Nanak Dev University was established at Amritsar, India on November 24,1969 to commemorate Guru Nanak Devs birth quincentenary celebrations. Guru Nanak Dev University campus is spread over 500 acres near village of Kot Khalsa, nearly 8 km west of the Amritsar City on Amritsar - Lahore highway, next to Khalsa College, Amritsar. Recently, Guru Nanak Dev University has attained the highest status of University with Potential for Excellence by the University Grants Commission, G. N. D. U. is both a residential and an affiliating university. Guru Nanak Dev University campus is spread over 500 acres near the village of Kot Khalsa, some 8 km west of the Amritsar City on Amritsar - Lahore highway, next to Khalsa College, presents a picture of modern architecture. Traditional red brick geometrical blocks represent its regard for time-honored values, the National Assessment and Accreditation Council accredited the university at the five-star level
14. I. K. Gujral Punjab Technical University – Being an education and research university, it has a mandate to set up centres of excellence in emerging technologies for promoting training and research & development in these areas. Punjab Technical University was established by an act of State Legislature on 16 January 1997 with a handful of institutes, the university has a land area of 78.16 acre and it owns more than 20 campuses throughout the state of Punjab. Further, the university undergraduate and post graduate courses in most of the technical fields. It is currently undertaking and supervising the instructions and awards of 32 bachelor’s degrees in Engineering & Technology, having 20 plus campuses and 2000 plus learning centres spread across the country, the university provides education to more than 4 Lac students from India and 42 foreign states. In recognition of contribution made by the former Prime Minister late I. K, job Fairs are also organised regularly by the university. In fact the university participates in different industrial fairs including the Trade Expo. PTU offers a number of schemes for students including SC/ST welfare schemes, besides it also successfully executes different schemes of Punjab Government. The university also offers free ship scheme for students who come from economically weaker sections, at present, PTU offers PhD in 21 disciplines. The total number of students enrolled in the PhD program exceeds 1600. The number of recognised PhD supervisors in the PTU system stood at 447 as of 30 Oct 2014 spread over 30+ cities, the PTU Library has accessioned 8856 text and reference books,973 complementary books and more than 1000 thesis. PTU Library is fully automated for accessing the e-journals on 20 computers with internet connections in a hall, the PTU Central Library has installed library software called LIBSYS. So far it has collaborated with San Jose State University, USA, Waiariki Institute of Technology, New Zealand, Dongguk University, Korea and University of California, in the near future, PTU is looking forward for more such fruitful alliances. The financial position of PTU is strong, the university has shown considerable growth in the financial year 2012-13. The financial position shows that the university has attained fiscal self-sufficiency, all the investment is being made on the recommendation of investment committee and approval of the worthy Vice-Chancellor. Funds of the university are placed only after assessing the credibility of the bank with maximum return and these investments are being made in term deposits with Nationalized Bank and Scheduled Commercial Bank. Set up in the year 1989, Giani Zail Singh – Punjab Technical University Campus is the oldest and the first Government Engineering institute established, in the honour of the Late President, the institute was renamed as Giani Zail Singh College of Engineering & Technology in 1996. GZS-PTU started with only five UG courses in Engineering and Architecture in the year 1989, Punjab Technical University Mohali Campus is the regional office, near the capital of Punjab. The campus is headed by the director and it mainly provides the environment to learn foreign languages e. g. French, German, Spanish, Chinese, Korean, Italian, Japanese and English
15. Punjab Agricultural University – The Punjab Agricultural University in Ludhiana, Punjab is a state agricultural university in India. It has a reputation for excellence in agriculture. PAU pioneered the Green Revolution in India in the 1960s and is considered as one of the best agricultural universities in India and it was bifurcated in 2005 with the formation of Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University. The Punjab Agricultural University was established in 1962 to serve the state of erstwhile Punjab, on trifurcation of Punjab in November 1966, Haryana Agricultural University was carved out of PAU by an Act of Parliament in February 1970. In July 1970, Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya was established, in 2006 the College of Veterinary Science was upgraded to become Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University at Ludhiana. The PAU has played a key role in increasing food production in the Punjab State several folds share its reputation. It has made contributions in increasing livestock and poultry production. In recognition of its achievements in agricultural research, education and extension. The Punjab Agricultural University now has four constituent colleges, viz, College of Agriculture, College of Agricultural Engineering, College of Home science and College of Basic Sciences & Humanities. At present the university, through 28 departments in the four constituent colleges, the course curricula are constantly revised and restructured to keep pace with the latest developments in agriculture and allied fields. The university has a strong reputation in sports, and it. The university has facilities for basketball, badminton, cycling, cricket, field hockey, football, gymnastics, handball, volleyball, lawn tennis, swimming, table tennis, weight training and Kabbadi. There is also a velodrome, an astroturf field for hockey. There is a theatre for cultural activities and a student community center for miscellaneous extracurricular activities. Numerous international and Punjabi culture festivities have been staged at the university, there is a faculty of 1250 members at the main campus and at regional research stations. Punjab Agricultural University is in Ludhiana city in northwest India,316 km from New Delhi and it is well connected by road and rail with the national capital. Situated on the Ludhiana - Ferozepur Road, the university covers an area of 1,510 acres on its campus and 4,615 acres at the regional research stations. The university has well-equipped laboratories, library and lecture rooms and elaborate farm facilities, accommodation is available in the university hostels for single students
16. Punjabi University – Punjabi University is a public university located in Patiala, Punjab, India. The university campus is spread over an area of 600 acres, on the Patiala-Chandigarh road, the institution has 65 teaching and research departments, covering disciplines in Humanities, Science, Fine Arts, Computer Science and Business Management. Punjabi University maintains six neighborhood campuses at Rampura Phul, Jhunir, Sardulgarh, Karandi, the university has undertaken the responsibility of maintaining the estate of Norah Richards at Andretta, Himachal Pradesh. Arrangements have been made for faculty members and students who wish to carry out study and research in the fields of theatre, the university manages Balbir Singh Sahitya Kendra at Dehradun, the capital city of the Uttarakhand. There is a library with rare books and manuscripts bequeathed by Bhai Vir Singh, Balbir Singh and Prof Puran Singh. Research on comparative religions is carried out at this center, Punjabi University was established on 30 April 1962 under the Punjabi University Act 1961 as a residential and teaching university, not as an affiliating University. It started functioning from temporary accommodation in Barandari Palace building, initially its jurisdictional area was fixed as the 10-mile radius. There were only nine colleges — six professional and three art and science colleges in Patiala — which fell within its jurisdiction, the university moved to its present campus in 1965. The campus is spread over about 316 acres, the campus at Patiala makes international standard facilities available for students and researchers. Although initially the task before the university was to develop and promote the language of the Punjabi people. It grew into a university in 1969, with 43 colleges affiliated to it and covering Patiala, Sangrur. Since then, it developed significantly and acquired a distinctive character among the centres of education, now, it has 138 affiliated colleges spread over nine districts of Punjab. The affiliated colleges are in districts of Patiala, Barnala, Fatehgarh Sahib, Sangrur, Bathinda, Mansa, Mohali, Rupnagar, to obtain a doctorate degree from the university one should pass the Punjabi language exam conducted by the university twice a year. Students who studies Punjabi as a subject until 10th standard need not to qualify the same and it stocks more than 415,000 books and subscribes to several hundred journals. The latest books are added regularly, the library is kept open for 360 days of the year from 8.15 a. m. to 8.15 p. m. The library has a hall, which has a capacity for 400 readers. A separate hall for using the books and a Reading Room has been provided at the ground floor. One night Reading Room remains open from 8.00 p. m. to 12.00 p. m, to further modernize university library services, it is being computerized
17. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law – Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, is a National Law University located in Patiala, Punjab, India. It was established in 2006 by the Punjab Government as a university dedicated to the field of Legal Education, the first vice-chancellor of the University was Gurjit Singh. The institution is currently being headed by Dr. Paramjit S. Jaswal, RGNUL started functioning from its Headquarters-Mohindra Kothi, The Mall, Patiala w. e. f. From session of 2013 RGNUL started functioning in its permanent 50 acre campus which is located at scenic Sidhuwal,12 kilometres from Patiala, RGNUL is affiliated to UGC and approved by the Bar Council of India. In a short span of eight years RGNUL has established a number of specialised centres in its campus catering to the needs of its students
18. Central University of Punjab – Not to be confused with University of Central Punjab, Pakistan or Panjab University Chandigarh. The Central University of Punjab is a Central University located in Bathinda, Punjab and it has been established through an Act of Parliament, The Central Universities Act,2009 by Govt. of India. The territorial jurisdiction of Central University of Punjab is whole of the State of Punjab, Central University of Punjab has been ranked as number one amongst newly established central universities in India consistently since 2012 as per university rankings of Researchgate and Scopus. Central University of Punjab is the central university in India that do not have vacations or inter-semester breaks. In addition, Central University of Punjab is the central university in India with biometrics-based punching for Assistant Professors enabled. It has no provision of Teachers Union and it is the only central University having two years Probation period for faculty. The Central University of Punjab, Bathinda has been established through the Central Universities Act 2009 which received the assent of the President of India on 20 March 2009 and its territorial jurisdiction extends to the whole State of Punjab. The main campus is coming up on more than 500 acres of land in Ghuda Village on Bathinda-Badal Road, the university offers mainly research oriented masters & doctoral degree programmes Viz. School of Education, Centre for Education, School of Engineering & Technology, Centre for Computer Science and Technology. School of Environment and Earth Sciences, Centre for Environmental Sciences and Technology, Centre for Geography & Geology School of Global Relations, Centre for South, School of Health Sciences, Centre for Human Genetics and Molecular Medicine. School of Languages, Literature and Culture, Centre for Comparative Literature, Centre for Classical, School of Legal Studies and Governance, Centre for Law. School of Social Studies, Centre for Economic Studies, Centre for Sociology, researchers from this university had contributed in a number of peer-reviewed scientific research. List of universities in India University Grants Commission Official Website
19. Chandigarh University – Chandigarh University is a private university on NH-95, Chandigarh-Ludhiana Highway, Mohali, Punjab, India. It is an Indian institute for higher education established under ‘The Chandigarh University Act’ and is recognized by UGC, located in Greater Mohali, Punjab, CU is the largest university near Chandigarh with more than 30,000 students from across India and 30 countries. Before becoming private university it was a private college ‘Chandigarh Group of Colleges, Chandigarh University is NATIONAL EMPLOYABILITY AWARD holder since last two years for providing maximum employability among students. Chandigarh University provides an environment and individual learning space. A comprehensive academic structure is designed to inculcate project-based experiential learning with the classroom teaching and this integrative approach provides the students an exposure to the art and science of their chosen discipline and makes them capable of thinking outside the box. Chandigarh University has signed MoUs with universities from 33 countries which includes those in USA, Canada, UK, European Union, Australia, New Zealand, Russia, Middle East and Asian nations. CU has partnered with 100 universities — more than 36 have QS World Rankings and are ranked among the top 700 universities of the world, placements have witnessed participation from some of the leading Indian and foreign organizations. Majors from across all the sectors have been regular visitors to the campus, the institute can boast some of the finest placements across all universities in the country. Chandigarh University announced its Joint Placement Programme for its 2014-15 batch based on the success of JPP2014 as more than 219 multinational companies, hotel Management & Catering Technology M. Sc. Hotel Management & Catering Technology B. Sc, airlines, Tourism & Hospitality Management Masters of Business Administration B. Sc. Animation & Multimedia Technology Bachelor of Computer Applications B. Sc. Sc
20. DAV University – DAV University is a Private university in Jalandhar, Punjab, Founded in 2013 under the aegis of DAV Trust. DAV University is the home to faculties of agriculture, sciences, engineering, commerce, management, languages, physical education, DAV University at Jalandhar traces its roots to the legacy of Dayanand Anglo-Vedic Schools System that has been reforming and redefining Indias educational scenario for 128 years. Presently, the DAV movement has grown to become the single largest non-governmental educational society in the country managing 800+ institutions in India and it employs 50, 000+ people and educates more than 20 lakh students every year. The roughly 800-acre campus is on the outskirts of Jalandhar in the Punjab province and it includes capacity for its own water supply, on-campus canteens and parking in the basement. The campus also includes a number of playing fields
21. Lovely Professional University – Lovely Professional University is a semi-residential university college in North India created under the Punjab State Private University Act 2005 and recognized by UGC under Section 2 of UGC Act 1956. LPU offers around 200 programmes and courses at diploma, undergraduate, graduate, postgraduate, the university has more than 30,000 students graduating every year. LPU was founded as Lovely Professional University in 2005 by Mr. Ashok Mittal, the college was affiliated with Punjab Technical University. Ed. D. Pharm (Ayr, PGDCA, In 2006 under UGC Act became Lovely Professional University, in 2016, LPU launched a startup school to give its students a platform to nurture their innovative ideas. It was inaugurated by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, lPUs Division of Student Affairs provides leisure activities. The Division designs culture, sports, services and other allied social activities, there is a mall within the campus that houses the in-campus Hotel Unihotel, along with a bowling alley and a state-of-the-art multi-gym at the top floor. There are various kiosks spread across the campus for varied needs, the Lovely Faculty of Technology and Sciences was ranked #12 on the CSR-GHRDC Engineering Colleges Survey 2011. LMA Vardhman award was given to Ashok Mittal, Chancellor of Lovely Professional University, the university got the best private university of the year award by ASSOCHAM for the year 2012. TV Channel Star News conferred National Outstanding B-School – North Award, LPU bagged the World Education Award 2016 at the 7th World Education Summit held in New Delhi. The award has given to acknowledge LPU’s efforts in developing human resource to bring innovation in open. In 2016, Assocham declared LPU as the Best University for innovation, six LPU students have been honoured at Dada Saheb Phalke Film Festival-2016 for their ad-film ‘DoCoMo-Do the New’. LPU’s MBA student defeats IIM students to win in ICICI Stock Mind Event, admission in Lovely Professional University in all courses is conducted on a merit basis through an online entrance exam. LPU organizes its own entrance exam, called the Lovely Professional University National Entrance and it is conducted every year in the month of April and May. In 2015 over 400,000 students appeared for the entrance examination, the exam has been conducted online since 2011. In 2013, Honorable Hamid Karzai then President of Afghanistan became LPU Alumni as he accepted LPU “Honorary Causa Degree”, in 2015, His Holiness the Dalai Lama was conferred a degree of Doctor of Divinity, Honoris Causa, from Lovely Professional University. In 2015, President of Mauritius Mr. Rajkeswur Purryag was conferred upon Honorary Doctorate Degree of LPU, in 2015, Honorable Prime Minister of Lesotho Kingdom Dr. Pakalitha Bethuel Mosisili was conferred upon ‘Honorary Causa Degree’ of LPU. In 2016, LPU conferred its ‘Honorary Causa Degree’ to Honorable Prime Minister of Dominican Republic Roosevelt Skerrit, in 2016, LPU conferred its honorary Doctor of Letters degree to President of the Republic of Mauritius Ameenah Gurib-Fakim. In April 2011, during a game a student was beaten by opposition team members
22. Rayat Bahra University – Rayat Bahra University is a private university in the vicinity of Greater Mohali, Punjab. It occupies 60 acres and is at a distance of 12 km from Chandigarh. RBU is part of the Rayat Bhara Group and is among other campuses of Rayat Bahra Group of Institutes and it also has a centre of excellence. Rayat and Bahra Institute of Engineering and Information Technology came into existence in 2005 as Rayat & Bahra Institute of Engineering, at the time of inception three B. Tech. Programmes in the areas of Computer Science & Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Biomedical Engineering intake was closed in 2009 due to lack of applicants and the last Class of Biomedical Engineering graduated in 2012. It occupies an area of 60 acres, the courses offered by the institute are approved by AICTE. RBIEBT is vertically integrated with a X+2 non-medical school providing quality education, the University offers both residential and day programmes at the Undergraduate and Post Graduate level. Rayat Institute of Engineering & Information Technology, Ropar Official website original website
23. Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology – Thapar University, formerly known as Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, was founded in 1956 by Karam Chand Thapar and is situated in Patiala. It has grown in size and activities during the last five decades of its existence and it was granted full autonomy and the status of a university by the University Grants Commission in 1985. It was ranked #5 by the limited participation CSR-GHRDC Engineering Colleges Survey 2011, Thapar University is today considered among the leading privately managed engineering institutions of the country. National Assessment and Accreditation Council, a body funded by the UGC, has accredited Thapar University with A Grade. On 24 November 2014, Thapar University signed an agreement with Trinity College, Dublin, the campus has six old academic blocks, namely A, B, C, D, E, F and a recently constructed TAN block. The blocks are constructed with greenery interspersed between them. The university campus has six hostels for boys, each hostel has a gym, a reading room and a common room. There is a cooperative system in each hostel, and a student executive committee headed by the warden to manage day-to-day hostel activities. Hostel -A Hostel -B Hostel -C Hostel -H Hostel-J J stands for Jannat, as the name must suggest, this hostel is best in the campus and understandably the most expensive. Hostel-E Hostel-PG Hostel -I The campus boasts of an in-house market COS complex which has variety of shops where one can eat, drink, get his/her laundry done and buy stationery items. Students have to take the Jee-main exam to get admission into Thapar University for the undergraduate program, the college has a variety of Technical as well as nontechnical societies. The university has also a hall and a swimming pool complex equipped with all modern facilities. It plans to offer courses in management and engineering at its proposed Chandigarh campus, the existing 250-acre campus in Patiala has a student strength of 4,600 and can accommodate around 6,000 students. Anoop Kumar Mittal Chairman-cum-Managing Director of National Buildings Construction Corporation Limited
24. Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Engineering College – The college is approved by AICTE, New Delhi, and the Ministry of H. R. D. Government of India and is affiliated to Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar and now recent batches with Maharaja Ranjit Singh Punjab Technical University, BBSBEC was the first college to get its courses accredited by the National Board of Accreditation among the colleges affiliated to Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar. The college started with BTech programs in Computer Science and Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, in 1997, the intake was increased to 60 students in each discipline. The intake was increased to 90 students each in Computer Science and Engineering. In the 2006-2007 session, the intake was increased to 120 students each in Computer Science and Engineering, Electronics and Communication, & Engineering-180, Electrical Engineering-120, Electronics & Comm. The department is accredited by National Board of Accreditation and the Institution of Engineers, apart from conducting under-graduate programme B. Tech. Industrial Engineering, the Department is running full time post graduate courses M. Tech, mechatronics & Robotics approved by AICTE. A Regional Centre of PTU has been established for imparting part-time M. Tech. in Machine Design, a number of Short Term Courses, Seminars, and Conferences are conducted by the Department on regular basis. At the undergraduate level the intake for Mechanical Engineering course is 180 students, in 1996, the intake of students was increased to 60 and later in the year 2000 it has been increased to 90 and now it has been increased to 180. In year 2000 a new branch Information Technology was introduced with intake of 60 students, currently in the course of B. Tech under IT has intake of 90 students. In addition to courses, department is also running successfully post-graduate courses in computer science. In the year 2004, M. Tech part-time course was started with intake of 25 students, in 2010, M. Tech, M. Tech part-time, and MCA have been started with intake of 18,25 and 60 students. Electronics and Communications Engineering Electronics & Communication Engineering Department was established in 1993 i. e. from the date of inception of the college, within four years, the intake to this discipline grew to 60. Electrical Engineering The Electrical Engineering department has established in 2002 and is active in teaching. The department has academic programmes with about 280 undergraduate and 30 Postgraduates, a number of Short Training programmes, Seminars and conferences have been conducted in the past. Civil Engineering The Department of Civil Engineering was established in the year 2011 with an intake of 60 students, the annual intake of this course has been increased to 120 for the batches starting from 2012. Department of Management Studies The Department of Management Studies was established at BBSBEC in 2008, the Department is offering two years full time Masters Program in Business Administration
25. BCET Gurdaspur – Gurdaspur is an academic autonomous and NBA accredited engineering college located in Gurdaspur, Punjab, India. BCET imparts education in engineering disciplines. BCET has seven academic and two administrative departments, BCET is considered to be one of the premier engineering institution of Punjab. The college is situated 4 kilometres from Gurdaspur bus stand and 2 kilometres from the railway station, pathankot is 35 km and Amritsar is 75 km from the College campus. In line with the policies of globalization and privatization, the college places special emphasis on the development of entrepreneurship. The college is approved by AICTE and is given academic autonomous status by UGC, the financial assistance of worth Rs.10.00 Crore has been granted by the NPIU, New Delhi with a matching grant basis of 75,25 from World Bank and Government of Punjab. The Institution has been included under section 2 of the UGC Act,1956 vide ref. no, the visit of the expert committee for the grant of Academic Autonomy has been completed on 23-24 April,2014 for onward implementation w. e. f. For the overall development of the students, various extra and co-curricular activities are present in the college, various societies / clubs function under the faculty members. Central Workshop, There is a central well-equipped workshop for providing engineering skills to the students, Workshop is equipped with latest modern machines having high degree of accuracy. Facility of making project work and working model is there for B. Tech/M. Tech students. Central Library, The Central Library was set up in 1995 in the Science Block of the college and it has the floor area of 2800sq. Feet and the capacity of 110 readers in the air-conditioned reading halls. Library follows the access system. It facilitates the users to browse and pick up the document of their choice without any hindrance. Book Bank facilities for SC/ST & Economically weaker section, dispensary, The College has dispensary to provide medical facilities under the guidance and observation of a qualified. The dispensary provides medical aid to students and staff. Transport facility Auditorium for organizing cultural Programmes and technical events like conferences, Bank with ATM facility Gym Shopping Complex Careers 360 ranked BCET one of the best Engineering colleges-2014 in the state of Punjab B. C. E. T
26. Bhai Gurdas Institute of Engineering & Technology – Bhai Gurdas Institute of Engineering & Technology is a college in Sangrur, Punjab, India. The college offers B. Tech, M. Tech, MBA, MCA, BBA, BCA, Engineering Polytechnical Management Nursing Ranked in top 100 institutions in Punjab. Official website Nickname - BGIET B. Tech seats-120 B. Tech seats-120 B. Tech seats-60 B. Tech seats-120 B. Tech seats-60 B. Tech
27. Chandigarh College of Engineering and Technology – CCET, formerly known as Central Polytechnic Chandigarh, was established in 1959. The Chandigarh Administration upgraded the CPC to CCET, by then Administrator Lt. Gn, JFR Jacob, by introducing two branches of engineering in 2002. It is the technical college offering both Diploma and Degree qualifications in Chandigarh. The college campus extends over an area of 32 acres of land situated close to the Shivalik ranges, the campus is divided into zones like administration blocks for Degree and Diploma stream, and hostels and residential complex for faculty and staff. In addition to halls, tutorial rooms and drawing halls. The college has a branch of State Bank of Patiala with ATM facility, extension counter of Post Office, the campus has a unit of the National Cadet Corps. CCET is a research center of Punjab University Chandigarh for Ph. Formal Diploma courses under PWD Scheme, non formal Diploma courses under PWD Scheme. Modular Employable Skills under SDI Scheme
28. DAV Institute of Engineering & Technology – The DAV College Trust and Management Society is the largest non-government educational organization in India, managing a chain of about 700 institutions in India and abroad. The institute is located in the heart of city adjacent to DAV College, Jalandhar, the institute is approved by AICTE All India Council for Technical Education and affiliated to Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar. It received ISO9001,2000 certification in 2005 under joint accreditation of SGS Group, the institute offers following graduate, post graduate programs. English Language & Literature, Nano Technology, Light Wave Technology System, Robotics, VLSI Design, SEED Programme, Wireless System Design, CIE was established in the institute to promote culture of entrepreneurship among students. The survey containing the national rankings was released on Dec 22,2009, best DAV Institute Award by D. A. V. This is a 385 crore initiative of Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College Trust, the university is situated at a distance of 12 km from the city. The official website of Dav University is www. davuniversity. org. University offers courses in numerous under-graduate, graduate and post-graduate courses