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Frederick Douglass Essay Work Cited Page

  • Kristen Osborne, author of ClassicNote. Completed on March 3, 2012, copyright held by GradeSaver.
  • Updated and revised by Christine McKeever September 5, 2012. Copyright held by GradeSaver.
  • Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.
  • Raboteau, Albert J. Slave Religion: The "Invisible Institution" in the Antebellum South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.
  • Babb, Valerie. "'The Joyous Circle': The Vernacular Presence in Frederick Douglass's Narratives," College English, Vol. 67, No. 4 (Mar., 2005), pp. 365-377.

  • Blassingame, John. "Introduction," in Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.

  • Carson, Sharon. "Shaking the Foundation: Liberation Theology in 'Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass,' Religion and Literature, Vol. 24, No.2 (Summer, 1992), pp. 19-34.

  • Gibson, Donald B. "Reconciling Public and Private in Frederick Douglass' Narrative," American Literature, Vol. 57, No. 4 (Dec., 1985), pp. 549-569.

  • Goldstein, Leslie Friedman. "Racial Loyalty in America: The Example of Frederick Douglass," The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Sep., 1975), pp. 463-476.

  • Kohn, Margaret. "Frederick Douglass's Master-Slave Dialectic," The Journal of Politics, Vol. 67, No. 2 (May, 2005), pp. 497-514.

  • Matlack, James. "The Autobiographies of Frederick Douglass," Phylon, Vol. 40, No. 1 (1st Qtr., 1979), pp. 15-28.

  • Mieder, Wolfgang. "'Do Unto Others as You Would Have Them Do Unto You": Frederick Douglass's Proverbial Struggle for Civil Rights," The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 114, No. 453 (Summer, 2001), pp. 331-357.

  • Ramsey, William M. "Frederick Douglass, Southerner," The Southern Literary Journal, Vol. 40, No. 1 (Fall, 2007), pp. 19-38.

  • Royer, Daniel J. "The Process of Literacy as Communal Involvement in the Narrative of Frederick Douglass," African American Review, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Autumn, 1994), pp. 363-374.

  • Paddock, Barney, Brett, and Lisa, eds. "Douglass, Frederick." Facts on File. 2012-02-07. <http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&SID=5&iPin= EAmL0492&SingleRecord=True>.
  • Samuels, Wilfred D. "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written by Himself." Facts on File. 2012-02-07. <http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&SID=5&iPin= EAFL114&SingleRecord=True>.
  • Sndograss, Mary Ellen. "Douglass, Frederick." Facts on File. 2012-02-07. <http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&SID=5&iPin= EFL144&SingleRecord=True>.
  • Stowe, Harriet Beecher. "Frederick Douglass." Facts on File. 2012-02-07. <http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54&SID=5&iPin= BLTTAD016&SingleRecord=True>.
  • "The Liberator Files." 2012-03-02. <http://www.theliberatorfiles.com/>.
  • "Frederick Douglass." Dictionary of Literary Biography (Dlb), edited by Joel Myerson, Gale, 1978, p. 224 pp.

    "'Called into Existence': Desire, Gender, and Voice in Frederick Douglass's Narrative of 1845." Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies, vol. 1, no. 3, 1989, pp. 108-136.

    Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (Frederick Douglass): 'Frederick Douglass'. Bloom's Literary Criticism, 2009. Bloom's Literary Themes (Bloom's Literary Themes).

    Abd al-Rahman, Fadwa Kamal. "Ashkaliyat Al-Tamthil Fi Mudhakkirat 'Abd Amriki Li-Fridrik Dujlas." Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics, vol. 31, 2011, pp. 62-80 (right), 278 (right), 255-256 (left).

    Abudur-Rahman, Aliyyah I. "'The Strangest Freaks of Despotism': Queer Sexuality in Antebellum African American Slave Narratives." African American Review, vol. 40, no. 2, 2006, pp. 223-237.

    Acampora, Christa Davis. "Unlikely Illuminations: Nietzsche and Frederick Douglass on Power, Struggle, and the Aisthesis of Freedom." Suny Series, Philosophy and Race (Suny Series, Philosophy and Race), edited by Jacqueline Scott et al., State U of New York P, 2006, pp. xxii, 265 pp.

    Aching, Gerard. "The Slave's Work: Reading Slavery through Hegel's Master-Slave Dialectic." PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, vol. 127, no. 4, 2012, pp. 912-917, http://www.mlajournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1632/pmla.2012.127.4.912.

    Adams, Amanda. Performing Authorship in the Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Lecture Tour. Ashgate, 2014. Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Studies (Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Studies).

    Aiello, Thomas. The Battle for the Souls of Black Folk: W. E. B. Dubois, Booker T. Washington, and the Debate That Shaped the Cause of Civil Rights. Praeger, 2016.

    Alexander, Eleanor. Lyrics of Sunshine and Shadow: The Tragic Courtship and Marriage of Paul Laurence Dunbar and Alice Ruth Moore. New York UP, 2001.

    Alford, Terry. "'Formerly a Slave': Frederick Douglass Comes to Lanesborough." New England Quarterly: A Historical Review of New England Life and Letters, vol. 60, no. 1, 1987, pp. 86-88.

    Anderson, Douglas. "The Textual Reproductions of Frederick Douglass." CLIO: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History, vol. 27, no. 1, 1997, pp. 57-87.

    Anderson, Harold. "Frederick Douglass: Navigator of Troubled Waters." Potomac Review, vol. 6, no. 4 [24], 1999, pp. 23-27.

    Andrews, William L. "The 1850s: The First Afro-American Literary Renaissance." Literary Romanticism in America, edited by William L. Andrews, Louisiana State UP, 1981, pp. xiv, 136 pp.

    ---. "Frederick Douglass, Preacher." American Literature: A Journal of Literary History, Criticism, and Bibliography, vol. 54, no. 4, 1982, pp. 592-597.

    ---. My Bondage and My Freedom. U of Illinois P, 1987. Blacks in New World.

    ---. "Reunion in the Postbellum Slave Narrative: Frederick Douglass and Elizabeth Keckley." Black American Literature Forum, vol. 23, no. 1, 1989, pp. 5-16.

    ---. "Toni Morrison's Beloved and the Traditions of the African American Slave Narrative." GRAAT: Publication des Groupes de Recherches Anglo-Americaines de l'Universite Francois Rabelais de Tours, vol. 14, 1996, pp. 115-124.

    Andrews, William L. and Paul John Eakin. Classic American Autobiographies. Signet Classics, 2014.

    Andrews, William L. and Henry Louis Gates. Slave Narratives: James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw; Olaudah Equiano; Nat Turner; Frederick Douglass; William Wells Brown; Henry Bibb; Sojourner Truth; William and Ellen Craft; Harriet A. Jacobs; Jacob D. Green. Library of America, 2000. Library of America (Library of America).

    Anthony, Jarrett E. Higher Laws: The Making of Religion in Antebellum American Literature. 2012.

    Anthony, Ronda C. Henry. Searching for the New Black Man: Black Masculinity and Women's Bodies. UP of Mississippi, 2013. Margaret Walker Alexander Series in African American Studies (Margaret Walker Alexander Series in African American Studies).

    Aptheker, Herbert. "Frederick Douglass Calls for Black Suffrage in 1866." Black Scholar, vol. 5, no. 4, 1973, pp. 10-16, http://www.jstor.org/stable/41065641.

    ---. "An Unpublished Frederick Douglass Letter." By These Hands: A Documentary History of African American Humanism, edited by Anthony B. Pinn, New York UP, 2001, pp. xiii, 339 pp.

    Arac, Jonathan. Huckleberry Finn as Idol and Target: The Functions of Criticism in Our Time. U of Wisconsin P, 1997. Wisconsin Project on American Writers (Wisconsin Project on American Writers).

    Archer, Jermaine O. Antebellum Slave Narratives: Cultural and Political Expressions of Africa. Routledge, 2009. Studies in American Popular History and Culture (Studies in American Popular History and Culture).

    Archuleta, Micki. "Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness: A Fugitive Slave on Individual Rights and Community Responsibilities." Nineteenth Century Studies, vol. 19, 2005, pp. 35-45.

    Armengol, Josep M. Masculinities in Black and White: Manliness and Whiteness in (African) American Literature. Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. Global Masculinities (Global Masculinities).

    Atkin, Andrea M. Converting America: The Rhetoric of Abolitionist Literature. 1995.

    Augst, Thomas. "Frederick Douglass, between Speech and Print." Professing Rhetoric: Selected Papers from the 2000 Rhetoric Society of America Conference, edited by Frederick Antczak et al., Erlbaum, 2002, pp. xvii, 258 pp.

    Awkward, Michael. "Negotiations of Power: White Critics, Black Texts, and the Self-Referential Impulse." American Literary History, vol. 2, no. 4, 1990, pp. 581-606.

    Axelrod, J. B. C. and Rise B. Axelrod. "Reading Frederick Douglass through Foucault's Panoptic Lens: A Proposal for Teaching Close Reading." Pacific Coast Philology, vol. 39, 2004, pp. 112-127.

    Babb, Valerie. "'The Joyous Circle': The Vernacular Presence in Frederick Douglass's Narratives." College English, vol. 67, no. 4, 2005, pp. 365-377.

    Baggett, Paul. "Transcending the Boundaries of Nation: Images and Imaginings of Frederick Douglass." In Process: A Journal of African American and African Diasporan Literature and Culture, vol. 2, 2000, pp. 103-113.

    Baker, Anne. "What to Israel Potter Is the Fourth of July? Melville, Douglass, and the Agency of Words." Leviathan: A Journal of Melville Studies, vol. 10, no. 2, 2008, pp. 5-22.

    Baker, Houston A. "The Problem of Being: Some Reflections on Black Autobiography." Obsidian: Black Literature in Review, vol. 1, no. 1, 1975, pp. 18-30.

    Ballard, Barbara Jean. Nineteenth-Century Theory of Race, the Concept of Correspondences, and Images of Blacks in Antislavery Writings of Douglass, Stowe, and Browne. 1993.

    Banner, Rachel. "Thinking through Things: Labors of Freedom in James Mccune Smith's 'the Washerwoman'." ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance, vol. 59, no. 2 [231], 2013, pp. 291-328, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/esq/v059/59.2.banner.html.

    Bark, Debbie. "Sight, Sound, and Silence: Representations of the Slave Body in Barrett Browning, Hawkshaw, and Douglass." Victorian Newsletter, vol. 114, 2008, pp. 51-68.

    Barnes, Elizabeth. "Fraternal Melancholies: Manhood and the Limits of Sympathy in Douglass and Melville." Frederick Douglass and Herman Melville: Essays in Relation, edited by Robert S. Levine and Samuel Otter, U of North Carolina P, 2008, pp. vii, 475 pp.

    ---. Love's Whipping Boy: Violence & Sentimentality in the American Imagination. U of North Carolina P, 2011.

    Barnett, Timothy. "Politicizing the Personal: Frederick Douglass, Richard Wright, and Some Thoughts on the Limits of Critical Literacy." College English, vol. 68, no. 4, 2006, pp. 356-381.

    Barrett, Lindon. "The Experiences of Slave Narratives: Reading against Authenticity." Approaches to Teaching World Literature (Atwl), edited by James C. Hall, Modern Language Association of America, 1999, p. 174 pp.

    Basu, Biman. "The Genuflected Body of the Masochist in Richard Wright." Public Culture, vol. 16, no. 2 [43], 2004, pp. 239-263, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/public_culture/v016/16.2basu.html.

    Baxter, Geneva Hampton. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: Its Context, Rhetoric, and Reception. 2002.

    Baxter, Terry Douglas. Frederick Douglass' Curious Audiences: Ethos in the Age of the Consumable Subject. 1999.

    Beck, Janet Kemper and Richard T. Gillespie. Creating the John Brown Legend: Emerson, Thoreau, Douglass, Child and Higginson in Defense of the Raid on Harpers Ferry. McFarland, 2009.

    Belasco, Susan. Stowe in Her Own Time: A Biographical Chronicle of Her Life, Drawn from Recollections, Interviews, and Memoirs by Family, Friends, and Associates. U of Iowa P, 2009. Writers in Their Own Time (Writers in Their Own Time).

    Bell, Bernard W. "The African-American Jeremiad and Frederick Douglass' Fourth of July 1852 Speech." Scriptoralia (Scriptoralia), edited by Paul Goetsch and Gerd Hurm, Narr, 1992, p. 307 pp.

    Benesch, Klaus. "Places of Beginning: Topography and Renewal in Thoreau's Walden and Douglass's Narrative." Spatial Practices: An Interdisciplinary Series in Cultural History, Geography and Literature (Spatialp), edited by Ingo Berensmeyer and Christoph Ehland, Rodopi, 2013, p. 233 pp. http://www.rodopi.nl/functions/search.asp?BookId=SPATIAL+17.

    Bennett, Bridget. "Colour Lines: A View of Leeds." Moving Worlds: A Journal of Transcultural Writings, vol. 7, no. 2, 2007, pp. 118-130.

    ---. "Frederick Douglass and Transatlantic Echoes of 'the Color Line'." Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Studies (Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Studies), edited by Kevin Hutchings and Julia M. Wright, Ashgate, 2011, pp. ix, 216 pp.

    Bennett, Michael. "Anti-Pastoralism, Frederick Douglass, and the Nature of Slavery." Under the Sign of Nature: Explorations in Ecocriticism (under the Sign of Nature: Explorations in Ecocriticism), edited by Karla Armbruster and Kathleen R. Wallace, UP of Virginia, 2001, pp. x, 372 pp.

    ---. Democratic Discourses: The Radical Abolition Movement and Antebellum American Literature. Rutgers UP, 2005.

    Benston, Kimberly W. "Facing Tradition: Revisionary Scenes in African American Literature." PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, vol. 105, no. 1, 1990, pp. 98-109.

    Bergner, Gwen. "Myths of the Masculine Subject: The Oedipus Complex and Douglass's 1845 Narrative." Discourse: Journal for Theoretical Studies in Media and Culture, vol. 19, no. 2, 1997, pp. 53-71.

    ---. "Myths of Masculinity: The Oedipus Complex and Douglass's 1845 Narrative." The Psychoanalysis of Race, edited by Christopher Lane, Columbia UP, 1998, pp. viii, 445 pp.

    ---. Taboo Subjects: Race, Sex, and Psychoanalysis. U of Minnesota P, 2005.

    Bernier, Celeste-Marie. "From Fugitive Slave to Fugitive Abolitionist: The Oratory of Frederick Douglass and the Emerging Heroic Slave Tradition." Atlantic Studies: Literary, Cultural, and Historical Perspectives, vol. 3, no. 2, 2006, pp. 201-224.

    ---. "'Iron Arguments': Spectacle, Rhetoric and the Slave Body in New England and British Antislavery Oratory." European Journal of American Culture, vol. 26, no. 1, 2007, pp. 57-78.

    ---. "Response: When 'Nothing Is Said of Black Heroes'." African American Review, vol. 45, no. 4, 2012, pp. 518-526, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/african_american_review/v045/45.4.bernier.html.

    ---. Characters of Blood: Black Heroism in the Transatlantic Imagination. U of Virginia P, 2012.

    ---. "'To Preserve My Features in Marble': Post-Civil War Paintings, Drawings, Sculpture, and Sketches of Frederick Douglass: An Illustrated Essay." Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters, vol. 39, no. 2, 2016, pp. 372-399, http://muse.jhu.edu/article/622577.

    Beshara, Christopher. "Argung in an Imperfect World: Artistotle, the Enthymeme, and Epideictic Rhetoric." Young Scholars in Writing: Undergraduate Research in Writing and Rhetoric, vol. 6, 2009, pp. 118-126, http://arc.lib.montana.edu/ojs/index.php/Young-Scholars-In-Writing/index.

    Bizzell, Patricia. "The 4th of July and the 22nd of December: The Function of Cultural Archives in Persuasion, as Shown by Frederick Douglass and William Apess." College Composition and Communication, vol. 48, no. 1, 1997, pp. 44-60.

    Blackwood, Sarah. "Fugitive Obscura: Runaway Slave Portraiture and Early Photographic Technology." American Literature: A Journal of Literary History, Criticism, and Bibliography, vol. 81, no. 1, 2009, pp. 93-125.

    ---. "'Making Good Use of Our Eyes': Nineteenth-Century African Americans Write Visual Culture." MELUS: The Journal of the Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States, vol. 39, no. 2, 2014, pp. 42-65, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/melus/v039/39.2.blackwood.html.

    Blight, David W. "'For Something Beyond the Battlefield': Frederick Douglass and the Struggle for the Memory of the Civil War." Journal of American History, vol. 75, no. 4, 1989, pp. 1156-1178.

    ---. "The Private Worlds of Frederick Douglass." Transition: An International Review, vol. 61, 1993, pp. 161-168.

    Bloom, Harold. Frederick Douglass's Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Chelsea, 1988. Mod. Crit. Interpretations.

    Blount, Marcellus. "Paul Laurence Dunbar and the African American Elegy." African American Review, vol. 41, no. 2, 2007, pp. 239-246.

    Blum, Hester. "Douglass's and Melville's 'Alphabets of the Blind'." Frederick Douglass and Herman Melville: Essays in Relation, edited by Robert S. Levine and Samuel Otter, U of North Carolina P, 2008, pp. vii, 475 pp.

    Blum, Paul Richard. "'I Felt So Tall Within': Anthropology in Slave Narratives." Roczniki Kulturoznawcze, vol. 4, no. 2, 2013, pp. 21-39.

    Blumenthal, Rachel A. "Canonicity, Genre, and the Politics of Editing: How We Read Frederick Douglass." Callaloo: A Journal of African Diaspora Arts and Letters, vol. 36, no. 1, 2013, pp. 178-190, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/callaloo/v036/36.1.blumenthal.html.

    Bodziock, Joseph. "The Big Story of Frederick Douglass." Proteus: A Journal of Ideas, vol. 12, no. 1, 1995, pp. 5-9.

    ---. "The Cage of Obscene Birds: The Myth of the Southern Garden in Frederick Douglass's My Bondage and My Freedom." The Gothic Other: Racial and Social Constructions in the Literary Imagination, edited by Ruth Bienstock Anolik and Douglas L. Howard, McFarland, 2004, pp. x, 310 pp.

    Boggs, Colleen Glenney. Animalia Americana: Animal Representations and Biopolitical Subjectivity. Columbia UP, 2013. Critical Perspectives on Animals: Theory, Culture, Science, and Law (Critical Perspectives on Animals: Theory, Culture, Science, and Law).

    Bolton, Linda. Facing the Other: Ethical Disruption and the American Mind. Louisiana State UP, 2004.

    Bonner, Thomas. "'Liberty,' a Poem by Frederick Douglass." Resources for American Literary Study, vol. 8, 1978, pp. 108-114.

    Borgstrom, Michael. Minority Reports: Identity and Social Knowledge in Nineteenth-Century American Literature. Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

    Bornstein, George. "Afro-Celtic Connections: From Frederick Douglass to the Commitments." Garland Reference Library of the Humanities (Grlh), edited by Tracy Mishkin, Garland, 1996, pp. xii, 389 pp.

    Bosnicova, Nina. "Lonely Fighters and Communal Talkers: A Comparative Analysis of Male and Female Slave Narratives." Brno Studies in English: Sbornik Praci Filozoficke Fakulty Brnenske Univerzity, S: Rada Anglistica/Series Anglica, vol. 30, no. 10, 2004, pp. 125-133.

    ---. "God Is an Activist: Religion in Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass and the Autobiography of Malcolm X." Americana: E-Journal of American Studies in Hungary, vol. 5, no. 1, 2009, p. [no pagination], http://americanaejournal.hu/.

    Boyd, Melba Joyce. Wrestling with the Muse: Dudley Randall and the Broadside Press. Columbia UP, 2003.

    Brantley, Daniel. "Black Diplomacy and Fredrick Douglass' Caribbean Experiences, 1871 and 1889-1891: The Untold History." Phylon: A Review of Race and Culture, vol. 45, no. 3, 1984, pp. 197-209.

    Brawley, Lisa. "Frederick Douglas's My Bondage and My Freedom and the Fugitive Tourist Industry." Novel: A Forum on Fiction, vol. 30, no. 1, 1996, pp. 98-128.

    Brewton, Vince. "'Bold Defiance Took Its Place'-'Respect' and Self-Making in Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave." Mississippi Quarterly: The Journal of Southern Cultures, vol. 58, no. 3-4, 2005, pp. 703-717.

    Briggs, John C. "The Exorcism of Macbeth: Frederick Douglass's Appropriation of Shakespeare." Signs of Race (Signs of Race), edited by Scott L. Newstok and Ayanna Thompson, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, pp. xvii, 288 pp.

    Broderick, John C. "Recent Acquisitions of the Manuscript Division." Quarterly Journal of the Library of Congress, vol. 30, 1973, pp. 295-337.

    Bromell, Nick. "The Liberal Imagination of Frederick Douglass: Honoring the Emotions That Give Life to Liberal Principles." American Scholar, vol. 77, no. 2, 2008, pp. 34-45, http://www.jstor.org/stable/41222729.

    ---. "A 'Voice from the Enslaved': The Origins of Frederick Douglass's Political Philosophy of Democracy." American Literary History, vol. 23, no. 4, 2011, pp. 697-723, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/american_literary_history/v023/23.4.bromell.html.

    Brown, Christopher Michael. "Seditious Prose: Patriots and Traitors in the African American Literary Tradition." Law and Literature, vol. 24, no. 2, 2012, pp. 174-212, http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/10.1525/lal.2012.24.2.174.pdf.

    Buccola, Nicholas. The Political Thought of Frederick Douglass: In Pursuit of American Liberty. New York UP, 2012.

    Burks, Mary Fair. "Frederick Douglass of Maryland: Journalist-Editor-Publisher." Maryland English Journal, vol. 14, no. 2, 1976, pp. 27-34, 48.

    Burns, Loretta S. "Memory, the Blues, and African American Slave Narratives." Outward Evil Inward Battle: Human Memory in Literature, edited by Benjamin Hart Fishkin et al., Langaa Research, 2014, pp. xx, 215 pp.

    Burns, Mark K. "'A Slave in Form but Not in Fact': Subversive Humor and the Rhetoric of Irony in Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass." Studies in American Humor, vol. 3, no. 12, 2005, pp. 83-96, http://www.jstor.org/stable/42573469.

    Burns, Phyllis Lynne. "'I Kill White Mens ... Cause I Can': The Rewriting of Liberation and Mastery in Dessa Rose." Criticism: A Quarterly for Literature and the Arts, vol. 55, no. 1, 2013, pp. 119-145, http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.13110/criticism.55.1.0119

    http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/criticism/v055/55.1.burns.html.

    Burt, John. "Learning to Write: The Narrative of Frederick Douglass." Western Humanities Review, vol. 42, no. 4, 1988, pp. 330-344.

    Buschendorf, Christa. "'Properly Speaking, There Are in the World No Such Men as Self-Made Men': Frederick Douglass's Exceptional Position in the Field of Slavery." American Studies: A Monograph Series (Amstudies), edited by Gunter Leypoldt, Universitatsverlag Winter, 2013, pp. vii, 333 pp.

    ---. "The Shaping of We-Group Identities in the African American Community: A Perspective of Figurational Sociology on the Cultural Imaginary." Re-Mapping the Transnational: A Dartmouth Series in American Studies (Re-Mapping the Transnational: A Dartmouth Series in American Studies), edited by Laura Bieger et al., Dartmouth College, 2013, pp. xxviii, 272 pp. http://muse.jhu.edu/book/26905.

    Buster, Elaine. "The Concept of the Hero in Southern Literature." Louisiana English Journal, New Series, vol. 1, no. 2, 1994, pp. 81-84.

    Butler, Robert. "The City as Liberating Space in Life and Times of Frederick Douglass." The City in African-American Literature, edited by Yoshinobu Hakutani and Robert Butler, Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 1995, p. 265 pp.

    Butts, Tracy R. "'You Shall See': Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass as a Guide for Forging Black Masculinity in Hip Hop." Langston Hughes Review, vol. 21, 2007, pp. 54-67.

    Cadava, Eduardo. "The Montrosity of Human Rights." PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, vol. 121, no. 5, 2006, pp. 1558-1565.

    Capuano, Peter J. "Singing Beyond Frederick Douglass: Toni Morrison's Use of Song in Beloved." MAWA Review, vol. 16, no. 1-2, 2001, pp. 60-66.

    ---. "Singing Beyond Frederick Douglass: Toni Morrison's Use of Song in Beloved." Literary Griot: International Journal of Black Expressive Cultural Studies, vol. 13, no. 1-2, 2001, pp. 120-127.

    ---. "Truth in Timbre: Morrison's Extension of Slave Narrative Song in Beloved." African American Review, vol. 37, no. 1, 2003, pp. 95-103.

    Carbajal, Hector. Recasting the Role of Memory in the History of Rhetoric: The Case of Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Autobiographies by Rhetors of Color. 2011.

    Carson, Sharon. "Shaking the Foundation: Liberation Theology in Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass." Religion and Literature, vol. 24, no. 2, 1992, pp. 19-34, http://www.jstor.org/stable/40059512.

    Cassuto, Leonard. "Frederick Douglass and the Work of Freedom: Hegel's Master-Slave Dialectic in the Fugitive Slave Narrative." Prospects: An Annual Journal of American Cultural Studies, vol. 21, 1996, pp. 229-259.

    Castronovo, Russ. "'As to Nation, I Belong to None': Ambivalence, Disapora, and Frederick Douglass." American Transcendental Quarterly, vol. 9, no. 3, 1995, pp. 245-260.

    ---. "Framing the Slave Narrative/Framing Discussion." Approaches to Teaching World Literature (Atwl), edited by James C. Hall, Modern Language Association of America, 1999, p. 174 pp.

    Castronovo, Russ and Dana D. Nelson. "Fahrenheit 1861: Cross Patriotism in Melville and Douglass." Frederick Douglass and Herman Melville: Essays in Relation, edited by Robert S. Levine and Samuel Otter, U of North Carolina P, 2008, pp. vii, 475 pp.

    Chaffin, Tom. Giant's Causeway: Frederick Douglass's Irish Odyssey and the Making of an American Visionary. U of Virginia P, 2014.

    Chambers, Eddie. "Tribute to the Martyrs." African American Review, vol. 45, no. 4, 2012, pp. 510-513, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/african_american_review/v045/45.4.chambers.html.

    Chamblee, Angela E. "Frederick Douglass in the Painting of Jacob Lawrence and the Poetry of Robert Hayden." Proteus: A Journal of Ideas, vol. 12, no. 1, 1995, pp. 18-23.

    Chander, Harish. "Frederick Douglass (1818-1895)." African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook, edited by Emmanuel S. Nelson, Greenwood, 2000, pp. xvi, 525 pp.

    ---. "Frederick Douglass (1818-1895)." African American Autobiographers: A Sourcebook, edited by Emmanuel S. Nelson, Greenwood, 2002, pp. xv, 416 pp.

    Chaney, Michael A. "Picturing the Mother, Claiming Egypt: My Bondage and My Freedom as Auto(Bio)Ethnography." African American Review, vol. 35, no. 3, 2001, pp. 391-408.

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