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Research Papers On Financial Inclusion In India

La inclusión financiera se está convirtiendo en un nuevo paradigma de crecimiento económico que desempeña un papel importante en la eliminación de la pobreza del país. Se refiere a la prestación de servicios bancarios a las masas, incluyendo los privilegiados y desfavorecidos en unas condiciones asequibles. La inclusión financiera es una prioridad importante del país en términos de crecimiento económico y avances de la sociedad. Permite reducir la brecha entre la población rica y la pobre. En el escenario actual las instituciones financieras son los sólidos pilares del progreso, el crecimiento económico y el desarrollo de la economía. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo examinar el impacto de la inclusión financiera en el crecimiento de la economía durante un período de 7 años. Se utilizan datos secundarios que han sido analizados por modelo de regresión múltiple como herramienta estadística principal. Los resultados del estudio encontraron un impacto positivo y significativo del número de sucursales bancarias y la proporción de depósitos de crédito sobre el PIB del país, mientras que se observó un impacto insignificante en el caso de los cajeros automáticos de crecimiento en el PIB de la India.

 

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Financial services actively contribute to the humane & economicdevelopment of the society. These lead to social safety net & protect the peoplefrom economic shocks. Hence, each & every individual should be provided withaffordable institutional financial products/services popularly called

“FinancialInclusion

”.Despite witnessing substantial progress in financial sector reforms in India, it isdisheartening to note that nearly half of the rural households even today do not haveany access to any source of funds- institutional or otherwise. Hardly one-fourth of the rural households are assisted by banks. Hence the major task before banks is tobring most of those excluded, i.e. 75% of the rural households, under banking fold.There is a need for the formal financial system to look at increasing financialliteracy and financial counseling to focus on financial inclusion and distressamongst farmers. Indian banks and financial market players should actively look atpromoting such programs as a part of their corporate social responsibility. Banksshould conduct full day programs for their clientele including farmers forcounseling small borrowers for making aware on the implications of the loan, howinterest is calculated, and so on, so that they are totally aware of its features. Thereis a clearly a lot requires to be done in this area.This enables the customer to remit funds at low cost. The government can utilizesuch bank accounts for social security services like health and calamity insuranceunder various schemes for disadvantaged. From the bank’s point of view, havingsuch social security cover makes the financing of such persons less risky. Reducedrisk means more flow of funds at better rates.Access to appropriate financial services can significantly improve the day-to-day management of finances. For example, bills for daily utilities (municipality,water, electricity, telephone) can be more easily paid by using cheques or throughinternet banking, rather than standing in the queue in the offices of the service.

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